It has been common knowledge for decades that black youth are disproportionately excluded from school permanently.
No significant progress has been made to significantly change this reality in spite of many reports. The most recent data show that black pupils are nearly four times more likely to be permanently excluded than their school peers.
The London case study by Jessica Perera of the Institute of Race Relations is ground breaking. It shows that exclusions and criminalisation of black working class youth are not isolated issues that should be confined to school level without relating them to wider social and political developments over five decades.
In response to the media and commentators who deliberately sensationalise serious black youth crime by projecting black youth as a menace and racialising it, Perera reviews the evidence thoroughly to present a more nuanced view.
In September 2020 the Independent Office for Police Misconduct (IOPC) released details of their Impact report and Strategic plan for the period 2018-2022, setting out improvement plans for policing practice and reducing future risks.
The following is transcribed from the IOPC website.
Our second annual Impact report shows how our work is making a difference by influencing improvements in policing practice and reducing future risks. It sets out our impact in four priority areas of police accountability, using learning, working with others and being an effective organisation.
“My name is Nadine El-Enany. I work at Brikbeck Law School where I co-direct the Centre for Research on Race and Law. I would like to invite you to participate in a research project via an interview. I am working on a project funded by the Leverhulme Trust on the role of families in cases where a racialised person has died in custody, including police, prison or a health/mental health institution.